Posts Tagged ‘英语’

我买这些书是为了把自己当狗一样训练

Tuesday, November 15th, 2011

卓越近期订购的英语工具书已达。

1、The Elements of Style: 50 Anniversary Edition

这是一本风行50年的写作小书,最初是一本美国康奈尔大学William Strunk教授自己编写的、教学生写作的小册子。只有43页,只限校园内使用。后来出版社找到Strunk的学生,《夏洛的网》的作者,当时在《纽约客》写评论的作家E.B.White,请他补写章节、丰富实例,于1959年出版。此后在1972、1979年分别出了第二、第三版,2000年出版了第四版。

这本书是写作的经典黑宝书,其主旨可以用书中这段话概括:

Vigorous writing is concise. A sentence should contain no unnecessary words, a paragraph no unnecessary sentences, for the same reason that a drawing should have no unnecessary lines and a machine no unnecessary parts. This requires not that the writer make all sentences short or avoid all details and treat subjects only in outline, but that every word tell.

试译如下:

鲜活的写作就是简明。一句中不应有赘词,一段中不应有赘句,就像画画不应有多余线条,机器不应有多余零件一样。这不是说,作家应该写短句,避细节,概括大意,而是说,每个单词都应该传达意义。

以下是一位台湾译者的译法。

盖须句无冗字,章无冗句,譬似画师无一笔之费,匠师无一器之赘。非谓为文设辞必欲苟简,叙事力避铺陈,乃字字皆响耳。

关于这本书,财新主编王烁曾有一篇读书摘要,可资参考。我读完后,也会写一篇笔记。

2、中式英语之鉴

这本书的出版是中国学外语者的福音。作者Joan Pinkham是美国职业翻译,曾在中国外文出版社和中央编译局从事译文修改工作,修订过周恩来、邓小平、陈云等人的著作译文。没有谁比她更清楚中式英语之害了。这本书是经验的结晶,也可以看作是The Elements of Style的中国扩展版。

我读了第一章就觉得受益匪浅,原来汉语的欧化反过来影响了汉译英,从而使得中国人写的英文一样叠床架屋,纠缠不情。这本书最贴心的是每章之后都有练习题,巩固所学的内容。

3、翻译的基本知识

钱歌川是英语翻译达人,他不泥古,不迂腐,真的贯通中西。

中国翻译界一直被严复的“信达雅”理论所统治,钱歌川认为只要做到一个“信”字就够了。想起了牟老针对《乔布斯传》的一篇博文,真的一针见血。顺便说一句,尽管在交朋友的问题上,我们存在分歧,但他的博客依然是我每天的食粮。

4、李特布朗英文写作手册(中文简释本)

这本书在外文书店见过,一看就喜欢,对于写作,无论英文也好,中文也好,我最缺乏的就是系统训练。嗯,我买这些书是为了把自己当狗一样训练(但愿英明神武的黄集伟老师能够看到这句)。

我上一代的青年,他们有一个万能理由,“都让四人帮给耽误了”或者“都让十年动乱给耽误了”。我们的悲剧在于,同样懒惰,同样一事无成,但再没有这么堂堂正正的可以说出口的理由。那么,承认吧,都是让自己给耽误的。所幸,一切还不晚。

5、美国大学英语写作(影印版)

这本书的用途跟《李特布朗英文写作手册》,期待更给我最最基础的训练,带我走入英语的花园。那花园里鲜花绽放,仙女在荡着秋千……

6、汉英大词典(第三版)、汉英词典(第三版)、新世纪汉英大词典

三部最重要的汉英词典都买齐了,要知道关键时刻,网络是靠不住的。

7、GRE词汇精选(红皮书)、GRE词汇精选(绿皮书、乱序版)

俞敏洪的代表作。怎样学英语才好,有万千说法,但千计百方都不能替代最笨的办法–背单词。生词,永远是隔断花园的围墙上的玻璃碴,必须消灭它们,让每一个单词都说出自己的故事,所谓字字皆响耳。

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一段脱口秀 两项基本功

Friday, March 26th, 2010

【按】以下是华人脱口秀演员Joe Wang最近在一次由美国副总统拜登参加的答谢宴会上的表演。他的每一段话,都会引来满堂笑声与喝彩。他还不失时机地揶揄拜登,而对方也很有风度地讪笑。

欣赏这段妙语连珠的脱口秀,你需要掌握两种技能。一是英语,你至少能够看懂下面的录音整理和笑点提示。二是翻墙,这两段都是Youtube的录像,你只有翻出去,才能看到它们。

从今以后,你要学会这两种技能。如果不想天天看CCTV和CNTV,如果不想天天用百度和新浪微博,除了忍痛学习,你没有别的选择。

第一段

第二段

录音整理 (原出处

Good evening everyone, my name is Joe Wong.But to most people, I am known as Who?, which is actually my mother’s maiden name and the answer to my credit card security question.

But joking aside I just want to reassure everybody that I AM invited here tonight.[refer to the Salahis crashing a white house party]

I grew up in China. Who didn’t20[I grew in America, who didn’t20poking fun at ignorant rednecks] And my childhood memories are totally ruined by my childhood.When I was in elementary school,as part of the curriculum, I had
to work in a rice paddy right next to a quarry where they use explosives to break rocks. And that was when I learned light travels fast than sound, which is almost as slow as a flying rock. My dad was a grumpy guy, but occasionally he would cheer me up with jokes. But he doesn’t do it right. When I was seven one day he said to me, “Hey, son,why is tofu better than centralized socialist economy?” So five minutes later I said “why?” He said
because I said so!

I came to the United States in, when I was twenty four to study at Rice University in Texas. That wasn’t a joke, until now.

And I was driving this used car that had a lot of bump stickers that were impossible to peel off. One of them said “If you don’t speak English, go home”. And I didn’t know this for two years.

And like many other immigrants, we all want our son to the become the president of this country and we are trying to make him bilingual, you know, Chinese at home, English in the public, which is really tough to do because
many times I have to say to him in public, “hey, listen, if you don’t speak English, go home.” And he would say to me, “hey dad, why do I have to learn two languages?” I said, “son, once you become the president of the United
State,you are gonna have to sign the legislative bills in English, and talk to debt collectors in Chinese.”

When I graduated from Rice, I decided to stay in the United States because in China, I can’t do the thing I do best here, being ethnic. And in order for me to become a US citizen, I had to take these American history lessons,
where they ask us questions like “Who is Benjamin Franklin?” I was like “Ah , the reason our convenience store gets robbed?” [Franklin is on $100 bill] “What is the second amendment?” I was like “Ah, the reason our convenience
store gets robbed?” [The second amendment grants right to own firearms] ” What is Roe versus Wade?” I was like “Ah, two ways of coming to the United States?” [Roe v. Wade legalize abortion in US, which everyone in the
audience knows. Illegal immigrants come to US either by rowing a boat or wading thru a river.] Later on, I read so much about American history that I started to harbor white guilt.[Obviously he is not white and should not
feel guilty.]

And in America they say that all men are created equal.But after birth it kind of depends on parents income for early education and health care. I read in the Men’s Health magazine that President Obama,every week, has two cardio days and four weight lifting days. You see I don’t have to excise, because I have health insurance. [poking fun at US health care system] I live in Massachusetts now, where we have universal health care. Then we
elected Scott Brown. Talk about mixed messages. I think there was a movie about him. It’s called Kill Bill.[Scott Brown vowed to kill health care bill .Apparently, there was not many Quentin fans in the audience. It was a greatjoke.]

I am honored to meet Vice president Joe Biden here tonight.I actually read your autobiography.And today I see you. I think the book is much better.They should have [not very clear] Brad Pitt, or even Angelina Jolie.

So to be honest, I was really honored to be here tonight and I prepared for months for tonight show and I [not very clear] the white house and [not very clear] by President Obama, that was when he decided not to come. And he
started to talk about immigration reforms. Take that Steven Colbert. [a liberal comedian always faking a conservative]

And President Obama has always been accused of being too soft. But he was conducting two wars, and they still gave him the Nobel Peace prize. And he accepted it. You can’t be more badass than that. Well actually, I am
thinking the only way you can be more badass than that is if you take the nobel peace prize money and give it to the military.

We have many distinguished journalists here, whom I consider as my peers because I used to write for campus newspaper.I think journalism is the last refuge for punks. Only on the newspaper can you say things like “I was born in the year of the horse, that is why I am a naysayer.” [poking fun at media for relating things that have no causality] My point exactly.

And tonight is my first time on C-span, which is a channel I obviously always watch when I couldn’t stand the sensationalism and demagogury of PBS and QVC [Public Broadcasting Service famous for subjectivity but hated by
conservatives, QVC television shopping channel] If I still couldn’t fall asleep after watching C-span, there is C-span 2 and C-span 3. [C-span channels broadcast boring congressional debates, etc.] Thank you very much.

So I became a US citizen in 2008, which I am really happy about.Thank you very much. America is number one. That is true because we won the World Series every year. [WS played between US baseball teams so US always wins.
Great joke]

After becoming a US citizen, I immediately registered vote for Obama/Biden. Thank you very much. You had me at “Yes we can”. That was their campaign slogan. So after getting Obama/Biden elected, I felt this power trip. And I
started to think maybe I should run for president myself. Well I have take a step back and explain a bit. You know,cause I had always been a merryless[0A] and pessimistic guy. I felt that life is kind of like peeing into the snow in a dark winter night. You’ve probably made a difference but it is really hard to tell. [best joke of the night]. But now we have a president who is half black and half white. It just gives me a lot of hope. Because I am half not black, half not white. Two negatives make a positive. You maybe say even “hey, what will be your campaign slogan?” You see, I spent 10 years in the past decades. Oh, you too20OK. So I understand that American people are suffering. So my campaign slogan will be “Who cares!” [best political joke of the night,reveal the truth behind political campaigns and also an indictment of Bush]

If elected, I will make same sex marriage not only legal but required. That will get me the union vote. You see I am married now. I used to be really scared about marriage. I was like “wow, 50 percent of all marriages end up lasting forever.”

And I will eliminated unemployment in this country by reducing the productivity of American work force. So two people will have to do the work of one, just like the president and the vice president, or the Olsen twins.

And despite heart disease and cancer, most Americans die of natural causes. So if elected, I will find a cure for natural causes. You seem to like that one, but it won’t be covered by health insurance though, because of pre-
existing conditions.

And I have quick solution to global warming. If elected, I will switch form Fahrenheit to Celsius. It was 100 degrees before. Now it’s forty. You are very welcome.

And I am great with foreign policy. Because I am from China. I can see Russia from my backyard. [poking fun at the ignorance of Sarah Palin] I believe that unilateralism is too expensive and open dialogue is too slow.

So if elected, I will go with text messaging. I will text our allies just to say hi, and text our enemies whenever they are driving.O M G, you are making a nuclear weapon20But you are doing it wrong, L O L.

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